SQL Server introduced three new conversion functions to convert an expression to another data type, in this post we will see those functions and their usage
PARSE: This function parse the value and return then result, relies on CLR. It will take some performance overhead. Syntax
PARSE (string_value AS data_type [ USING culture ] )
Parse function takes three parameter
SELECT CAST(’05/02/2013' AS datetime) AS [By-CAST-Function] GO SELECT CONVERT(datetime, ’05/02/2013') AS [Bu-CONVERT-Function] GO SELECT PARSE(’05/02/2013' AS datetime USING ‘en-US’) AS [By-PARSE-Function] GO
Result from all will be same, so why we need a new function PARSE which will give the same result as CAST and Convert? Yes, there is reason, suppose you are using a culture which stores date time in DD/MM/YYYY format then it will quite handy to get result in any other culture format say MM/DD/YYYY.
TRY_PARSE: is similar to PARSE() with only difference is that it returns NULL if the conversion is not possible.
TRY_PARSE (string_value AS data_type [ USING culture ] )
It also accept three parameters same as Parse function
SELECT PARSE(’100.50' AS datetime2 USING ‘en-US’) AS [By-PARSE-Function] GO SELECT TRY_PARSE(’100.50' AS datetime2 USING ‘en-US’) AS [By-PARSE-Function] GO Result: By-PARSE-Function ------------------------- Msg 9819, Level 16, State 1, Line 1 Error converting string value ’100.50' into data type int using culture 'en-us'. By-PARSE-Function ------------------------ NULL
TRY_CONVERT: it is similar to to CONVERT function but it first check if conversion is possible or not, if possible then convert to desired data type otherwise return null.
TRY_CONVERT (data_type [ ( length ) ], expression [, style ])
It takes three parameter
Example: Try to convert 30 February 2013 to 103 date format
CONVERT(datetime, '02/30/2013', 103) AS [By-Convert] -- return empty string TRY_CONVERT(datetime, '02/30/2013', 103) AS [By-Try-Convert] -- return NULL OUTPUT By-Convert ----------------- By-Try-Convert ------------------ NULL
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|By Hamden On 15 May, 13 Viewed: 224|
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